Critical Reading ComponentsThe three most powerful predictors in learning to read are Phonological Awareness (PA), Knowledge of Letter Names, and Print Awareness.
Learning To Read
1. Phonological Awareness (PA):
2. Knowledge of Letter Names
- The understanding that speech is composed of a sequence of individual sounds or phonemes that are recombined to form other words.
- PA is also the ability to identify and manipulate these sounds.
- PA is aural without the attachment of symbols (letters).
3. Print Awareness
- Children must learn to recognize letters with automaticity/fluency (naming one letter per second).
- Once children have had training in phonemic awareness and they recognize letters with automaticity, they can use this knowledge to recognize that words are made up of a sequence or pattern of letters.
- Attaching the visual representation of letters to the sounds they make is phonics.
- The ability to identify and know the difference from a letter, a word, and a sentence.
- Children must also recognize front to back, top to bottom, and left to right when learning to read books.
Last Modified on June 10, 2015