Title IX - Sex-Based Discrimination
Title IX Coordinator
Katie Fabel, Legal Analyst, Title IX Coordinator
3738 Walnut Avenue
Carmichael, CA 95608
(916) 971-7110; Fax: (916) 971-7704
What is Title IX?
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits sex discrimination in education, including K-12 schools. Title IX is a federal law that promotes equity in education by ensuring that girls and women receive equal resources and treatment in the classroom and provides protections for students who are sexually harassed and discriminated against and/or bullied based on their gender.
In addition to this federal law, the California Education code similarly prohibits schools discriminating against its students on the basis of sex (Education Codes sections 220-221.1).
Sexual harassment is also in violation of San Juan Unified School District board policies and administrative regulations. All forms of sexual harassment, whether student to student, staff to student, or student to staff, are prohibited at San Juan Unified schools.
What is sex-based discrimination?
Harassment and other discrimination on the basis of sex include, but are not limited to, the following prohibited practices:
- On the basis of sex, exclusion of a person or persons from participation in, denial of the benefits of, or subjection to harassment or other discrimination in, any academic, extracurricular, research, occupational training, or other program or activity.
- On the basis of sex, provision of different amounts or types of student financial aid, limitation of eligibility for student financial aid, or the application of different criteria to applicants for student financial aid or for participation in the provision of student financial aid by others. Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to prohibit an educational institution from administering, or assisting in the administration of, scholarships, fellowships, or other forms of student financial aid, established pursuant to domestic or foreign wills, bequests, trusts, or similar legal instruments or by acts of a foreign government, which require that awards be made to members of a particular sex; provided, that the overall effect of the award of these sex-restricted scholarships, fellowships, and other forms of student financial aid does not discriminate on the basis of sex.
- On the basis of sex, exclusion from participation in, or denial of equivalent opportunity in, athletic programs. For purposes of this subdivision, “equivalent” means equal or equal in effect.
- An educational institution may be found to have effectively accommodated the interests and abilities in athletics of both sexes within the meaning of Section 4922 of Title 5 of the California Code of Regulations as that section exists on January 1, 2003, using any one of the following tests:
- Whether interscholastic level participation opportunities for male and female pupils are provided in numbers substantially proportionate to their respective enrollments.
- Where the members of one sex have been and are underrepresented among interscholastic athletes, whether the school district can show a history and continuing practice of program expansion that is demonstrably responsive to the developing interest and abilities of the members of that sex.
- Where the members of one sex are underrepresented among interscholastic athletes, and the institution cannot show a history and continuing practice of program expansion as required in paragraph (2), whether the school district can demonstrate that the interest and abilities of the members of that sex have been fully and effectively accommodated by the present program.
- If an educational institution must cut its athletic budget, the educational institution shall do so consistently with its legal obligation to comply with both state and federal gender equity laws.
- It is the intent of the Legislature that the three-part test articulated in subdivision (d) be interpreted as it has been in the policies and regulations of the Office of Civil Rights in effect on January 1, 2003.
- On the basis of sex, harassment or other discrimination among persons, including, but not limited to, students and nonstudents, or academic and nonacademic personnel, in employment and the conditions thereof, except as it relates to a bona fide occupational qualification.
- On the basis of sex, the application of any rule concerning the actual or potential parental, family, or marital status of a person, or the exclusion of any person from any program or activity or employment because of pregnancy or related conditions.
Title IX student rights
You have the following rights under Title IX, to the extent applicable at the District:
- You have the right to fair and equitable treatment and shall not be discriminated against based on your sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression.
- You have the right to be provided with an equitable opportunity to participate in all extracurricular activities, including both academics and athletics, regardless of your sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression.
- You have the right to inquire of the athletic director at your school or appropriate District personnel as to the athletic opportunities offered by the school.
- You have the right to apply for athletic scholarships, if offered by the District.
- You have the right to receive equitable treatment and benefits in the provision of all the following related to athletics, if any are provided by the District:
- Equipment and supplies;
- Scheduling of games and practices;
- Transportation and daily allowances;
- Access to tutoring;
- Locker rooms;
- Practice and competitive facilities;
- Medical and training facilities and services; and
- If you are pregnant or parenting, you have the same right as any other student to continue in your regular school and in any program for which you qualify.
- You have the right to have access to a sex/gender equity coordinator, referred to as the Title IX coordinator, to answer questions regarding sex/gender equity laws.
- You have the right to contact the State Department of Education and the California Interscholastic Federation to access information on sex/gender equity laws.
- You have the right to file a confidential discrimination complaint with the United States Department of Education Office for Civil Rights or the California Department of Education if you believe you have been discriminated against or if you believe you have received unequal treatment on the basis of your sex.
- You have the right to pursue civil remedies if you have been discriminated against.
- You have the right to be protected against retaliation if you file a discrimination complaint. (California Education Code section 221.8.)
Definition of sexual harassment
The Title IX regulations define sexual harassment as conduct, performed on the basis of sex, that satisfies one or more of the following:
- A District employee conditioning the provision of an aid, benefit, or service of the District on a student or individual's participation in unwelcome sexual conduct;
- Unwelcome conduct determined by a reasonable person to be so severe, pervasive, and objectively offensive that it effectively denies a person equal access to the District's education program or activity; or,
- "Sexual assault" as defined in 20 U.S.C. 1092(f)(6)(A)(v), "dating violence" as defined in 34 U.S.C. 12291(a)(10), "domestic violence" as defined in 34 U.S.C. 1229(a)(8), or "stalking" as defined in 34 U.S.C. 12291(a)(30). These definitions are also available in AR 5145.7.
California Education Code section 212.5 defines sexual harassment as unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal, visual, or physical conduct of a sexual nature, made by someone from or in the work or educational setting, under any of the following conditions:
- Submission to the conduct is explicitly or implicitly made a term or a condition of an individual’s employment, academic status, or progress.
- Submission to, or rejection of, the conduct by the individual is used as the basis of employment or academic decisions affecting the individual.
- The conduct has the purpose or effect of having a negative impact upon the individual’s work or academic performance, or of creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work or educational environment.
- Submission to, or rejection of, the conduct by the individual is used as the basis for any decision affecting the individual regarding benefits and services, honors, programs, or activities available at or through the educational institution.
How is sexual harassment investigated?
Conduct that meets the Title IX definition of sexual harassment will be investigated under the District's Formal Title IX Complaint Procedure, as set forth in the District's Title IX Investigations policies (AR 5145.71/AR 4119.12).
A formal Title IX Investigation is initiated when a student (the victim of the alleged conduct) or their parent/guardian submits a written formal complaint to the District's Title IX Coordinator, requesting that the Title IX office open an investigation. Once filed, the Coordinator will either begin an investigation or, if the alleged conduct is outside the scope of the Title IX policy, refer the matter to the District's Legal Services to be investigated under other applicable District policies.
Incidents that do not meet the definition of sexual harassment under Title IX
Incidents that do not meet the definition of sexual harassment as defined under Title IX may violate other state laws or District polices and will be addressed accordingly. Harassing conduct, such as the conduct described above, that may not rise to the level of sexual harassment under Title IX will be investigated in accordance with the District's Uniform Complaint Procedure policy (BP 1312.3/AR 1312.3).
For more information please see the district's Uniform Complaint Procedure webpage.
How to file a Title IX/sexual harassment complaint
A student or their parent/guardian may submit a report of sexual harassment via mail, fax or email to:
San Juan Unified School District
Attn: Katie Fabel, Legal Analyst, Title IX Coordinator
3738 Walnut Avenue
Carmichael, CA 95608
(916) 971-7110; Fax: (916) 971-7704
You may also submit an online report. Once a report has been received, the Title IX Coordinator will contact you to explain the process for filing a complaint. If you or someone you know has been the victim of any form of harassment, we strongly encourage you to report the incident to your school site administrator or the Title IX Coordinator. Upon receiving your report, the administrator will assist you by taking steps to stop any ongoing harassment and ensure that the incident is addressed in accordance with proper District Policy.
You may also file a discrimination complaint with the United States Department of Education Office for Civil Rights (“OCR”). The electronic complaint form for OCR is available online. You may contact OCR at:
San Francisco Office
Office of Civil Rights
U.S. Department of Education
50 United Nations Plaza
San Francisco, CA 94102
(415) 486-5555; Fax: (415) 486-5770; TDD: (800) 877-8339
There is no statute of limitations for the filing of a sexual harassment complaint under Title IX; however, the complainant must be participating in or attempting to participate in a District activity at the time the complaint is filed. A complaint alleging other forms of unlawful discrimination or retaliation must be filed no later than one (1) year from the date the discrimination or retaliation occurred, or one (1) year from the date the complainant first learned of the unlawful discrimination. The superintendent or designee may extend this timeline by up to ninety (90) days for good cause, upon written request by the complainant setting forth the reasons for the extension. See the Uniform Complaint Procedures page for more information.
- Make a Report
- Nondiscrimination Statement
- Uniform Complaint Procedures
- Title IX Sexual Harassment Complaint Procedures
- Sexual Harassment Policies
- Bullying Resources
- LGBTQ+ Resources
- WEAVE Sacramento - Sacramento County's Rape Crisis Center
- Victim Witness Assistance Program
- Victims' Bill of Rights
- Gender Health Center
- Planned Parenthood Mar Monte
- Child Protective Services
- K-12 Title IX Coordinator & Administrator Two (© 2022 Association of Title IX Administrators)
- NPRiMer: Preparing Your K-12 District for the 2023 Title IX Regulations (© 2022 Association of Title IX Administrators)